Dampwood termites, drywood termites, formosan termites, subterranean termites
How to Identify:
Termite – Identification and Treatments. There are over 2,000 species of termite in the world. All have six legs, two straight antennae, and large mandibles, attached to a typically large head. Soldiers often have bigger mandibles than workers, and swarmer termites have wings. Termites can grow up to 25mm long and can be yellow, brown, or white. Some signs of termites are damaged wood, fecal pellets, and swarmers.
There are three main categories of termite, drywood, dampwood, and subterranean. Dampwood termites nest in and feed on wet, decaying wood. Drywood termites need significantly less moisture and will live inside homes and in attics. Subterranean termites live underground in moist dirt, but still feed on wood. In all types of termite, only the winged swarmers of a colony reproduce. They leave their birth colony in search of a place to start a new colony and shed their wings shortly after mating, becoming the king and queen of the new colony. They only produce a few eggs at first because they have to care for their own young, but after the first generation grows up, the queen termite can focus on laying eggs. The queen can lay up to 30,000 eggs a day and live up to 20 years in ideal conditions.
Are They Dangerous?
Termites cause billions of dollars of damage in US homes every year. Termite damage is not covered by most insurance companies. It is important to stop a termite infestation as early as possible because they can cause so much damage to your home.
How to Stop Them:
To prevent dampwood termites it is beneficial to remove any wet wood (such as fire wood) that is near your home and to fix any water damage or pipe leaks inside your home. It is also helpful to get yearly termite inspections to help detect any infestations before they become a major problem. A pest control professional can treat your house with chemicals to repel termites and give you advice to help termite-proof your home.